Forgery First Degree

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- Rory Ward


First Degree Forgery can occur in two way: in wills and deeds, and in Public Securities. “altering” means to materially change a document, check or instrument. Public Securities are a negotiable or transferable instrument issued or purporting to have been issued under the authority of this State, by virtue of any law thereof, which promises the payment of money.

Oklahoma Statute

The statute for First Degree Forgery with regard to wills and deeds is OKLA. STAT. tit. 21 § 1561, which states “Every person who, with intent to defraud, forges, counterfeits or falsely alters: Any will or codicil of real or personal property, or any deed or other instrument being or purporting to be the act of another, by which any right or interest in real property is, or purports to be, transferred, conveyed or in any way changed or affected; or, Any certificate or endorsement of the acknowledgment by any person of any deed or other instrument which by law may be recorded or given in evidence, made or purporting to have been made by any officer duly authorized to make such certificate or endorsement; or, Any certificate of the proof of any deed, will, codicil or other instrument which by law may be recorded or given in evidence, made or purporting to have been made by any court or officer duly authorized to make such certificate, is guilty of forgery in the first degree.”

The statute for First Degree Forgery with regard to Public Securities is OKLA. STAT. tit. 21 § 1562, which states “Every person who, with intent to defraud, forges, counterfeits, or falsely alters: Any certificate or other public security, issued or purporting to have been issued under the authority of this state, by virtue of any law thereof, by which certificate or other public security, the payment of any money absolutely or upon any contingency is promised, or the receipt of any money or property acknowledged; or Any certificate of any share, right or interest in any public stock created by virtue of any law of this state, issued or purporting to have been issued by any public officer, or any other evidence of any debt or liability, of the people of this State, either absolute or contingent, issued or purporting to have been issued by any public officer; or, Any endorsement or other instrument transferring or purporting to transfer the right or interest of any holder of any such certificate, public security, certificate of stock, evidence of debt or liability, or of any person entitled to such right or interest; is guilty of forgery in the first degree.”

Elements of the Crime

In order to be convicted of First Degree Forgery in Oklahoma, the prosecution must prove each of the following elements beyond a reasonable doubt. The criminal defense attorneys at Cannon & Associates are FIERCE ADVOCATES for every client and will hold the government to their burden in your case. In order to be convicted of this crime; the government must prove:

For Wills and Deeds:

1) making, signing, or altering to make;

2) a false will, will codicil, deed, instrument affecting an interest in real property, acknowledgement of an instrument that may be recorded or given in evidence, or certificate of proof of a deed, will, will codicil, instrument that may be recorded or given in evidence.

3) with the intent to defraud.

Oklahoma Jury Instruction #5-58.

For Public Securities:

1) making, signing, or altering to make;

2) a false public security for the payment of money, public security for the receipt of money or property, public stock certificate, option, or right, or instrument evidencing public debt or liability, or transfer instrument of a public security, stock, stock option or right, or transfer of an instrument evidencing public debt or liability.

3) with the intent to defraud.

Oklahoma Jury Instruction #5-59.

What the Skilled Lawyers at Cannon & Associates Can Do For You

Being charged with First Degree Forgery in Oklahoma is a serious matter. The Oklahoma criminal defense attorneys at Cannon & Associates are Fierce Advocates for Families and Freedom and will fight for you! At Cannon & Associates, we have extensive criminal defense experience, and will be with you every step of the way. We will take care to explain the issues and options to get you to your desired result and support you in this difficult time.

Contact – Cannon & Associates: Oklahoma Criminal Defense

Cannon & Associates is dedicated to Fierce Advocacy for Oklahoma criminal defendants and will fight for you. Founder John Cannon has been recognized as a Super Lawyer and Top 40 under 40. Contact Cannon & Associates to protect your rights and fight your criminal case in Oklahoma. Complete the CONTACT FORM ON THIS PAGE NOW or CALL at 405-657-2323 for a free confidential case evaluation.


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